SPI Web Site v1.1
Creating Opportunity Where It's Needed Most

IFC Projects Database

IFC Projects Database > Projects > Investment Projects
Izmir tramway
Environmental & Social Review Summary

This Environmental and Social Review Summary(ESRS) is prepared and distributed in advance of the IFC Board of Directors' consideration of the proposed transaction. Its purpose is to enhance the transparency of IFC's activities, and this document should not be construed as presuming the outcome of the Board of Director's decision. Board dates are estimates only. Any documentation which is attached to this ESRS has been prepared by the project sponsor and authorization has been given for public release. IFC has reviewed this documentation and considers that it is of adequate quality to be released to the public but does not endorse the content.
Project number 34306
RegionEurope and Central Asia
SectorE-AB - Rail Transportation
Company nameIzmir Metropolitan Municipality
Environmental category:B
Date ESRS disclosedJanuary 17, 2014
Previous EventsInvested: October 20, 2014
Signed: March 4, 2014
Approved: February 19, 2014
View Summary of Investment Information (SII), click here

OverviewE & S Project


and Applicable

E&S Risks /

Impacts and


BCSE & S Action



Project Description
The proposed investment is a loan to the Metropolitan Municipality of Izmir to help finance the construction of two new tramway lines along the coast on opposite sides of Izmir Bay:

Konak Tramway Line: 13 km in length, requiring19 stations and 21 wagons, construction agreement targeted to be completed in April 2014; construction time targeted as 36 months; designed to handle 64 million commuters in 2017, when the line becomes operational and 92.6 million commuters in 2030;
Karsiyaka Tramway Line: 10 km in length, requiring15 stations and 17 wagons, construction agreement targeted to be completed in April 2014, construction time targeted as 36 months; designed to handle 72.6 million commuters in 2017, when the line becomes operational, and 100.3 million commuters in 2030.
Both lines are fully integrated with existing ferry piers and bus stations, and in the case of Konak, the metro system, so that passengers can switch from one mode of transportation to another at strategically located transfer stations with a single ticket. Both tramways will be fully electrified, mostly on dedicated lanes running alongside existing roads, thus there will be no need for land expropriation.

At the time of the appraisal, Izmir has an operational 16.2 km metro line and an 80 km suburban rail network. A 3.14 km metro line is under construction, and 5 additional metro lines that will be added to the existing route are at a design stage. As for sea transportation, with the 4 passenger and 2 vehicle ferryboats that IMM owns and 18 additional passenger ferryboats that it has procured, Izmir Metropolitan Municipality’s fleet now consists of 22 passenger and 2 vehicle ferryboats, carrying approximately 1.2 million passengers per month. A new fleet of 15 passenger ferry boats as well as 3 vehicle ferryboats are in the process of being procured and are expected to be operational one by one starting in 2014. These new ferryboats will have a higher capacity and will be faster, safer and more energy efficient than the existing fleet of the Municipality.

Izmir Metro A.S. will operate the tramway lines. Izmir Metro A.S. was established in 2000 by Metropolitan Municipality of Izmir to provide railway operation services.

The existing bus lines running parallel to the tramway lines (operated by ESHOT), will be re-routed to transport commuters to the tramway lines. Commercial shops and restaurants, on Gazi Bulvari (from Konak Iskele to Cumhuriyet Meydani) and on Bostanli to Pazaryeri and small workshops from Alsancak Train station to Depo will be affected during the construction and operational phases, as the existing road will be replaced by tramway lines and a narrow, single lane service road.

The project is expected to relocate around 900 trees and 150 bushes. The tram route has been adjusted in order to protect 250 mulberry trees on Sair Esref Boulevard A further 150 trees will be cut down as they cannot be relocated because of their height and/or physical and biological disorders. The Municipality plans to plant more trees in the same area than those that will be cut down, and also plans to plant additional trees in other parts of the city. In addition, as a result of the rehabilitation along the tramway lines, an additional green area of 52.000 m2 (which will include establishment of new parks, rehabilitation of existing parks and / or planting green grasses along tramway lines) is expected to be developed.

Due to the conversion of parking spaces into tramway routes, the coastal part and Cumhuriyet Meydani to Alsancak Train Station section of the Konak Tramway Project will be particularly impacted, with the number of car parking spaces reducing from 1,888 to 856. All parking slots are owned and operated by the Municipality, and the Municipality will be constructing several new car parks with a total capacity of almost 3,400 cars (a multi store car parking at Uckuyular with a capacity of approximately 1000 cars, 3 underground car parks with a total capacity of 600 cars along the tramway lines, and a 2 story underground car parks with a capacity of 1,800 cars). In order to minimize the reduction of parking spaces along Sair Esref Boulevard, the tramway route was revised and 197 car parking slots were saved. In addition, construction of a new multi store car parking with a capacity of 280 cars is almost completed along this section. Karsiyaka Tramway Project is not expected to affect the existing car parking spaces. Karsiyaka Tramway Project is expected to affect private “taxi dolmus” drivers which are working parallel to the tramway line. The Municipality is planning to provide taxi stations and/or alternative routes to taxi dolmus drivers that will be affected.

Izmir Tramway project will help to reduce Green House Gas (GHG) emissions due to replacement of diesel-fuelled bus services with electric-powered trams.
Overview of IFC's Scope of Review
The scope of review of this project included assessment of Izmir Metropolitan Municipality's environmental, health and safety and social (EHSS) management capacity and performance in relation to IFC Performance Standards, national (Turkish) regulatory requirements and relevant WBG Environmental Health and Safety (EHS) Guidelines. The review relied on documents and reports made available by Izmir Metropolitan Municipality and observation and interviews of IFC staff during a site visit made in October and November 2013 to Izmir Metropolitan Municipality, Izmir Metro A.S. (Izmir Metropolitan Municipality’s Metro Operator) and ESHOT (Izmir Metropolitan Municipality’s Bus Operator) in Izmir. During this visit, meetings and interviews were held with the key staff (senior management, project management, human resources, technical, environmental), and numerous relevant documents demonstrating the client’s management capacity to provide adequate oversight of its environmental, social, health and safety performance in conducting its business were discussed.

IFC’s appraisal considered environmental and social management plans for the Project and gaps, if any, between these plans and IFC requirements. Where necessary, corrective measures, intended to close these gaps within a reasonable period of time, are summarized in the following paragraphs as well as in the Environmental and Social Action Plan (ESAP) disclosed in this review summary. Through implementation of these management plans and ESAP, the Project is expected to be designed and operated in accordance with Performance Standards objective. IFC has two existing investments with the Metropolitan Municipality of Izmir related with traffic management and emergency response systems (category C, project number 31733) and with its water utility, Izsu, for the expansion of the Cigli wastewater treatment plant (category B, project number 32078). As these are recent investments, and no disbursement has yet taken place, no Environmental and Social Risk Rating (ESRR) has been assigned to this client to date. The ESRS for project 32078 can be reviewed from the following link:


Stay Connected